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Source: Screen International

Countries across the world are outlining plans to reopen cinemas as they attempt to emerge from the coronavirus pandemic.

This page will provide updates for each territory as they come through, with details on dates, distancing, and distribution where relevant.

Information on European territories has been collated in conjunction with the Union Internationale des Cinémas (UNIC). Dates and timelines have come from national authorities and should be regarded as provisional and subject to change.

Austria
Reopening date: May 29
Cinemas can reopen from May 29, well before the originally proposed date of July 1.

Bosnia & Herzegovina
Reopening date: May 14
Federal authorities in the predominantly Serbian Republika Srpska announced on May 14 that cinemas and cultural institutions could reopen immediately.

Bulgaria
Reopening date: May 11
Health minister Kiril Ananiev issued an order on May 11 allowing cinemas to reopen immediately.

China
Reopening date: Unknown
After all cinemas had been closed since January 24, 500 cinemas reopened on the weekend March 20-22. However, they were ordered to close again on March 28, by order of the national film bureau. Further detail on the decision is available here. A date for the next reopening is yet to be announced.

Croatia
Reopening date: May 18
Cinemas have been allowed to reopen from May 18, but those located in shopping malls will have to wait for June 15.

Cyprus
Reopening date: July 14
Open-air cinemas will reopen as part of the country’s phase three between June 9 and July 13; indoor cinemas will reopen from July 14 as part of phase four.

Czech Republic
Reopening date: May 11
The final part of the Czech Republic’s five-step reopening process saw all businesses, including cinemas, reopen from May 11. Gatherings are limited to up to 100 people.

Denmark
Reopening date: May 21
All 169 Danish cinemas have been shut since partial lockdown was announced by the government on March 12. Cinemas, along with other cultural institutions, are allowed to reopen from May 21.

Estonia
Reopening date: June 1
Large public events can take place again in Estonia from June 1, with a maximum of 1000 people for outdoor events and 500 for indoor events, at 50% maximum capacity. Cinemas are included in this.

Finland
Reopening date: June 1
Cinemas can reopen on June 1, with indoor gatherings limited to 500 people. The Finnish Film Foundation has received an extra €1m of government funding to secure the future of cinemas across the country.

France
Reopening date: June 22
The French government announced in late April that cinemas, along with other arts venues, will remain closed until least June 2. On May 28 it was announced that cinemas will be able to reopen from June 22. France’s 6,000 cinemas have been closed since March 14. Large cultural events involving 5,000 or more people are banned until September at the earliest, with Cannes Film Festival among the events to have suffered due to the ban.

Germany
Reopening date: May 15 – June 15
German reopening is taking place on a state level, with 14 of 16 states announcing dates as of June 1. The North Rhine-Westphalia region became the first to announce its plans on May 11, saying arts venues including cinemas could reopen from May 30, with patrons required to distance 1.5m from each other. Further regions announced as follows: Hessen (346 screens in 2019) from 15 May; Saxony (247), Schleswig-Holstein (175) and Saarland (67) from May 18; Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (141) from 25 May; Hamburg (87) and Rhineland-Palatinate (224) from 27 May; Sachsen-Anhalt (130) from 28 May; Baden-Württemberg (691) from 1 June; Thuringia (138), Brandenburg (152) from 6 June; Bavaria (859) from 15 June; and Berlin (284) from 30 June.

Greece
Reopening date: June 1 (outdoor cinemas)
Lockdown ended in Greece on May 4, with all businesses, including cinemas, able to open from early June.

Hong Kong
Reopening date: May 8
The government relaxed Covid-19 restrictions in early May, with cinemas opening from the second weekend of the month.

Iceland
Reopening date: May 4
Cinemas were permitted to reopen with a 50 person per screen limit on May 4; however, just a handful of the country’s 29 screens chose to do so. The government will reassess the situation in late May.

Ireland
Reopening date: August 10
The Irish government outlined its exit strategy on May 1, with cinemas part of the final phase starting on August 10.

Italy
Reopening date: June 15
A May 16 announcement said cinemas could reopen from June 15, limited to 200 people per room. Masks are compulsory, while social distancing measures including staggered seating and online booking have been introduced. Italy was one of the first European nations to impose lockdown measures.

Kosovo
Reopening date: June 1
A three-step reopening plan for the country will see cinemas reopen from June 1. 

Latvia
Reopening date: May 12
Although gatherings of 25 people and the reopening of all business (including cinemas) have been allowed since May 12, most cinemas have decided not to reopen yet, instead planning a partial reopening in the coming weeks.

Lithuania
Reopening date: May 31
Indoor events, including cinemas, of under 30 people are permitted from May 31.

Luxembourg
Reopening date: May 29
The government has announced that cinemas can reopen from May 29; however cinema operators have decided to open in a coherent manner on June 17.

Netherlands
Reopening date: June 1
A May 6 announcement said restaurants and cinemas could reopen on June 1. 

Norway
Reopening date: May 7
Norway’s 211 cinemas, with 438 screens, have been authorized to reopen from May 7 with a 50-person capacity, which will be increased to 200 people from June 15 if cases continue to drop. They were shut from March 12.

Poland
Reopening date: June 6
The fourth stage of Poland’s lifting of restrictions will see cinemas allowed to reopen from June 6, with gatherings of up to 50 people authorised.

Portugal
Reopening date: June 1
Cinemas will be allowed to reopen on June 1, with limited capacity.

Romania 
Reopening date: Not before June 15
All indoor events, including cinemas, are currently banned until June 15.

Slovakia
Reopening date: May 20
Slovakia has been reopening its public areas since April 22, with cinemas allowed to reopen from May 20.

Slovenia
Reopening date: May 18
Slovenia became the first European nation to call an end to its epidemic on May 14, with all shops and businesses allowed to open from May 18. 

Spain
Reopening date: May 25-June 8
Under a four-phase plan announced on April 28, most businesses, including cinemas, should be able to open from May 25, in phase two. Phase three from June 8 could see an increase in the allowed capacity and opening of cinemas in malls. Any plan has to also be approved on a province level, with cinemas in major cities such as Madrid and Barcelona not expected to reopen before June 8.

South Korea
Reopening date: April 29
South Korean cinemas began to reopen over the four-day national holiday at the end of April.

Sweden
In line with the country-wide policy, cinemas in Sweden have not been instructed to close at any stage. The country’s largest exhibitor Filmstaden closed its venues (65% market share) on March 12 in line with the global policy of its owner AMC. However, some independent cinemas have remained open with social distancing measures in place. This did not bring substantial box office takings though, with just over $30,000 taken on the last weekend of April compared to around $840,000 on the equivalent weekend the previous year. 

Switzerland
Reopening date: June 6
As the third phase of Switzerland’s reopening plan, cinemas can reopen from June 6, although this will be confirmed on May 27.

UK
Reopening date: July 4 (provisional date, England only)
The UK government announced its exit strategy on May 10, indicating that cinemas could potentially reopen from July 4. Further detail is expected in the coming weeks.

Ukraine
Reopening date: June 10
As step three of the country’s five-step reopening plan, cinemas should be able to open from June 10. However, operators have asked local authorities to postpone reopening to July 1, as they believe they would not be able to effectively operate before then.

US
Reopening date: April 27 (Georgia); May 1 (Texas)
Cinemas are reopening in the US on a state-by-state basis, with Georgia opening some from late April and Texas following suit on May 1