Cannes winner Flanders by Bruno Dumont, Lady Chatterley by Pascale Ferran, Jardins d'Automne from Otar Iosseliani, Bled Number One by Rabah Ameur-Zaimeche and Quand J'Etais Chanteur from Xavier Giannoli have all made the cut.
The winners will be announced in Paris on December 18.
A further five films are in the running for best first feature: Les Fragments d'Antonin by Gabriel Le Bomin, Le Passager from Eric Caravaca, Le Pressentiment by actor Jean-Pierre Darroussin, Renaissance from Christian Volckman, and 13 (Tzameti) by Gela Babluani.
The Louis Delluc prize was created in the honour of filmmaker and author Louis Delluc in 1937 and is awarded by a jury of critics presided over by Cannes Film Festival president Gilles Jacob.
Last year's prize went to Les Amants Reguliers by Philippe Garrel while the prize for best first feature went to Anthony Cordier's Cold Showers.