Deakins is the first cinematographer to claim two nominations in one year in the ASC feature film category. He has been nominated five times before and won for The Shawshank Redemption in 1995 and for The Man Who Wasn't There in 2002.
This is the fourth ASC nomination for Kaminski, the second for Elswit, and the first for McGarvey.
'In the opinion of their peers, these four talented individuals have set the contemporary standard for artful cinematography in a very competitive field,' Russ Alsobrook, who chairs the organisation's awards committee, said.
'They were nominated for distinctly different genre films. The common denominator is that they all succeeded in helping to create a sense of time and place while evoking emotional responses that were in tune with the intentions of the actors and directors.'
The winner will be announced in Los Angeles on January 26.